Q: What are the common characteristics of regions? How are formal and functional regions different in concept and definition? What is a perceptual region?
The most common characteristics of regions are climate, natural resources, culture, religion, race, and ethnicity.
A formal region is a type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena. In other words, it is a region defined by cultural or visible criteria. For example, a desert basin marked by severe aridity, sandy surface, and steep surrounding mountain slopes, or a region in which French is spoken by the majority of the population, say 90%, are formal regions. A functional region is a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. For example, a city that has a surrounding area within which workers commute is a functional region. So, the difference between a formal and functional region is that a formal region is based on visible physical or cultural criteria while a functional region is based on activities that occur within it.
A perceptual region is a region that only exists as an idea in one’s mind and not as a physically demarcated entity. Examples are the “South” or the “Mid-Atlantic” regions of the United States.
Q: 4. Describe the site and situation of tallahassee, tampa, orlando, and lake city.
Tallahassee: site- 30 degrees 26′ N, 84 degrees 17′ West. situation- 20 miles north of the gulf of mexico, 178 miles west of jacksonville, 200 miles east of pensicola.
Tampa: site- latitude:28 degrees, longitude: -82 degrees. situation- 25 miles east of the gulf of mexico, bordered on the south and west by the hillsborough and old tampa bays.
Orlando: site- 28 degrees 30′ north, 81 degrees 22′ west. situation- middle of the state of florida, east of winter garden, west of titusville, north of saint cloud, south of deltona.
Lake City: site- latitude: 30 degrees, longitude: -82 degrees. situation- north part of the state of florida, west of jacksonville, east of tallahassee.
Because site is the absolute location of a place and situation is the relative location of a place in relation to other places(landmarks, cities, rivers).
Q: To what extent do environmental hazards stem from unpredictable nature, and to what extent do they originate from human actions? Should victims blame nature, other humans, or themselves for the disaster? Why?
A:In my opinion, a lot of the environmental hazards has to do with unpredictable nature. Humans don’t construct hurricanes and they don’t want tornadoes to form. Most of the environmental hazards are uncontrollable for the humans. In contrast, humans do help worsen the effects of environmental hazards. The pollution, litter, and smoke all are factors that contribute to the effects of environmental hazards. Humans also alter waterways which makes flooding chances increase.
Victims should blame other people and themselves on the effects of environmental hazards. Without pollution, deforestation, and other harmful methods there wouldn’t be as many negative environment issues. According to United Nations University, one of every six people in Bonn, Germany are in the potential path of a 100 year old flood. Roughly one billion people would die. That number is expected to double by 2050 because of pollution, climate change, and deforestation. Those statistics show that humans impact the environment extremely negatively.
3) Imagine that a transportation device (like in Star Trek) would enable all humans to travel instantaneously to any location on Earth’s surface. What would be the impact of that invention on the distribution of peoples and activities across Earth?
It is quite difficult for one to fathom the immense impact this would have. If this invention were possible there would be a massive migration of different kinds of people, creating a huge assimilation of cultures. Eventually, if all the different cultures were accepted and adopted, there would be only one universal culture including one lingua franca. The cultural landscape would change by additions of cultural monuments and places of worship.
Human-environment interaction would be at a all time high, as people who favor urbanism migrate to the city from rural areas as it was once impossible for them before. Hence an increase in urban sprawl and the depletion of resources. Overpopulated/overcrowded areas would consist of a lack of jobs, and increase in poor people in ghettos, barrios, etc. Lastly, Agriculture in the periphery would slow as migrants and/ refugees come to seek homage and opportunity in the core. They would then possibly bring foreign diseases with them to the core and infect people through contagious diffusion.